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HELP! Ancestor is complete! immigrant flag photo of Abraham MARTIN dit L   Abraham  MARTIN dit L'ESCOSSAIS

  (b. 27 November 1589 France   d. 8 September 1664 Québec, Canada, New France )  

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MARTIN dit L'ESCOSSAIS Family Ancestry

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Abraham MARTIN dit L'ESCOSSAIS was born 27 November 1589 in France. Abraham MARTIN dit L'ESCOSSAIS was the child of Jean MARTIN   and   Isabelle COTE

Abraham was an immigrant to Canada, arriving by 1621.

Spouse(s)/Partner(s) and Child(ren):

Abraham  married  Marguerite-Geneviève LANGLOIS 24 October 1620 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France .  The couple had (at least) 9 children. Marguerite-Geneviève LANGLOIS  was born abt. 1602 in France.  Marguerite-Geneviève died 17 December 1665 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City).  Marguerite-Geneviève was the child of Guillaume-Jean LANGLOIS and Jeanne MILLET.

Abraham MARTIN dit L'ESCOSSAIS died 8 September 1664 in Québec, Canada, New France .

Son of Jean Galeran Martin (b: 1563 in La Rochelle, Aunis, France) and
Isabelle Élisabeth Côté (b: 1567 in St Xiste, Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Rousillon, France)

One of the first settlers of Quebec

Details of the family tree of Abraham appear below.
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - Over time, Québec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Québec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Québec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know?Québec Généalogie - Did you know? The chief festivities in New France occurred at Michaelmas, Christmas, Easter, and May Day. On Michaelmas the habitant came to pay the annual rental for his lands.
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Québec from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (

Spouse(s) / Partner(s) and Child(ren) of Abraham MARTIN dit L'ESCOSSAIS


Abraham MARTIN dit L'ESCOSSAIS married Ancestor is complete!immigrant flag female ancestor Marguerite-Geneviève LANGLOIS-- Date: 24 October 1620 Place: La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
Marguerite-Geneviève LANGLOIS was the child of Guillaume-Jean LANGLOIS and Jeanne MILLET

Children of Abraham MARTIN dit L'ESCOSSAIS and Marguerite-Geneviève LANGLOIS:

flag male ancestor Eustache MARTIN (b.24 October 1621, Québec, Canada, New France   d. April 1663, Québec, Canada, New France )

Ancestor is complete!flag female ancestor Marguerite MARTIN (b.4 January 1624, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 25 November 1679, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )
m. Étienne RACINE 22 MAY 1638 in Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada (Beaupre)

flag female ancestor Helene MARTIN (b.21 June 1627, Québec, Canada, New France   d. abt. 1651, Québec, Canada, New France )
m. Claude ÉTIENNE 22 October 1640 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
m. Medard CHOUART DES GROSEILLIERS 3 September 1647 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Ancestor is complete!flag female ancestor Marie-Josephe-Anne MARTIN (b.10 April 1635, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 25 April 1699, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )
m. Jean CLOUTIER (CLOUSTIER) 21 January 1648 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

flag male ancestor Adrien MARTIN (b.22 November 1638, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 1 June 1667, Québec, Canada, New France )

Ancestor is complete!flag female ancestor Madeleine MARTIN (b.13 September 1640, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 22 February 1688, Lachenaie, Canada, New France )
m. Nicolas FORGET dit DESPATITS 6 February 1653 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
m. Jean-Baptiste FONTENEAU dit ST-JEAN 1 February 1681 in Lachenaie, Québec, Canada (Saint-Charles-de-Lachenaie)

flag female ancestor Barbe MARTIN (b.4 January 1643, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 4 October 1660, Québec, Canada, New France )
m. Pierre BIRON 12 January 1655 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Ancestor is complete!flag female ancestor Anne-Marie MARTIN (b.23 March 1645, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 14 January 1717, Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France)
m. Jacques RATTÉ 12 November 1658 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Ancestor is complete!flag male ancestor Charles-Amador MARTIN (b.6 March 1648, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 19 June 1711, Sainte-Foy, Québec, Canada, New France )

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Exploring the Ancestry of Abraham MARTIN dit L'ESCOSSAIS: Events, Pictures, and Documents

Origin of Surname
This name may be derived from the Latin martius, warlike, from Mars, the God of War. In the Gaelic, mor is great, and duin, a man. Morduin, a chief, a warrior.
An etymological dictionary of family and Christian names - By William Arthur - 1857.
1589 Birth
27 November 1589
, France
MARTIN, ABRAHAM (dit “l’Écossais” or “Maître Abraham”), pilot; b. 1589 in France; d. 8 Sept. 1664 at Quebec.

Martin arrived in New France with his wife, Marguerite Langlois, her sister Françoise and brother-in-law Pierre Desportes (the parents of Hélène Desportes) about 1620. Martin may have been of Scottish descent or he might have used the sobriquet if he had been enrolled in military service or had been a member of an illegal organization: such names were used to avoid detection by officials looking for deserted soldiers or in case the records of an illegal organization were seized. It is also possible that he acquired the name because he had made several voyages to Scotland as a young man. There is some question as to whether Martin was really an official pilot or not, although he was referred to as “king’s pilot” in his own day. However, he did fish well down into the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

It is presumed that the Plains (or Heights) of Abraham are named after Martin. It is...Read MORE...

Dictionary of Canadian Biography (
Ency. Can. Goelier of Canada 1972. Vol. 6, p. 394. Martin, Abraham, pioneer settler; b. about 1587, in Scotland - hence his nickname of L'Ecossais; d. at Québec, 8 Sep 1664. He came to Canada some time after 1614, probably in 1619 or 1620, and was for many years in the service of the Company of One Hundred Associates. He was one of the few French settlers to remain in Québec after its surrender to the English in 1628. On the heights of Québec he acquired a large tract of land - now known as the Plains of Abraham - which perpetuates his name. He became a pilot and in 1647 was named a Royal pilot. In 1613 he married Marguerite Langlois; they had several daughters and on son, Charles Amador, who became a priest, served in several local parishes and taught at the Québec Seminary. Martin is thought to have been the father of another daughter by a previous marriage.

Source:, interesting article posted by Janet Manseau, 13 July 2008

'Only a few decades after...

Abraham MARTIN dit L
pinterest wm/ wm7.html
1620 Marriage / Partner
Abraham MARTIN dit L'ESCOSSAIS and Marguerite-Geneviève LANGLOIS 24 October 1620, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
1621 Birth of Child
Eustache MARTIN was born 24 October 1621, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1624 Birth of Child
Marguerite MARTIN was born 4 January 1624, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1627 Birth of Child
Helene MARTIN was born 21 June 1627, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1635 Birth of Child
Marie-Josephe-Anne MARTIN was born 10 April 1635, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1638 Birth of Child
Adrien MARTIN was born 22 November 1638, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1640 Birth of Child
Madeleine MARTIN was born 13 September 1640, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1643 Birth of Child
Barbe MARTIN was born 4 January 1643, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1645 Birth of Child
Anne-Marie MARTIN was born 23 March 1645, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1648 Birth of Child
Charles-Amador MARTIN was born 6 March 1648, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1660 Death of Child
Barbe MARTIN died 4 October 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1663 Death of Child
Eustache MARTIN died April 1663, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1664 - Death
8 Sept 1664
Notre-Dame-de-Quebec, Quebec, Canada
Abraham Martin
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Added: - Updated: 11/25/2021 10:20:24 AM
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