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HELP! immigrant flag male ancestor  Joseph-Mathurin  GERBERT dit LAFONTAINE

  (b. 14 April 1627 France   d. 19 December 1687 Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France )  

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GERBERT dit LAFONTAINE Family Genealogy

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Joseph-Mathurin GERBERT dit LAFONTAINE was born 14 April 1627 in France. Joseph-Mathurin GERBERT dit LAFONTAINE was the child of ?   and   ?

Joseph-Mathurin was an immigrant to Canada, arriving by 1659.

Spouse(s)/Partner(s) and Child(ren):

Joseph-Mathurin  married  Elisabeth-Isabelle TARGER 4 August 1659 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 5 children. Elisabeth-Isabelle TARGER  was born abt. 1634 in France.  Elisabeth-Isabelle died bef. 06 February 1671 in Québec Province, Canada (Quebec). 

Joseph-Mathurin  married  (2) Jeanne TELLIER 26 January 1671 in Québec Province, Canada .  The couple had (at least) 1 child. Jeanne TELLIER  was born abt. 1631 in France.  Jeanne died 25 June 1705 in Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada. 

Joseph-Mathurin GERBERT dit LAFONTAINE died 19 December 1687 in Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France.

Occupation: habitant



son of Jean Gerbert and Perrine Pelle


Details of the family tree of Joseph-Mathurin appear below.
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - Over time, Québec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Québec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Québec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know?Québec Généalogie - Did you know? If they wished to marry French-Canadians, Protestants were obliged to obtain a dispensation from...Read MORE...



www.museevirtuel-virtualmuseum.ca
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Québec from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (www.afgs.org/ditnames/index1.html)
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Joseph-Mathurin GERBERT dit LAFONTAINE was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.

Source: Canada in the Making (www.canadiana.ca/citm/index_e.html)
  • 1627 Birth
    14 April 1627
    , France
  • Joseph-Mathurin GERBERT dit LAFONTAINE
    pinterest
    Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrence River. But it was not an easy life... Habitants had to clear the land, build a homestead, and plant and harvest a crop. The first task was never-ending, while the last one was annual. Building and repairing the house and barn were continual tasks. So were cutting and hauling firewood. The habitants had to be largely self-reliant in looking after all routine tasks such as cooking, baking, making furniture, and repairing tools. They had to attend to the educational and medical needs of the family. They had to endure the harsh physical climate and rough terrain, largely unaided by government support. The habitants had to pay taxes to the seigneurs and the church. Canada: The Story of Our Heritage by Elspeth Deir, John Fielding, Nick Brune, Peter Grant, Stephanie Smith Abram McGraw-Hill Ryerson School, 2000
    Habitants by Cornelius Krieghoff (1852) wikipedia
  • 1659 Marriage / Partner
    Joseph-Mathurin GERBERT dit LAFONTAINE and Elisabeth-Isabelle TARGER 4 August 1659, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
  • 1663 Birth of Child
    Marie-Anne GERBERT was born 23 February 1663, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)
  • 1663 Birth of Child
    Marie-Madeleine GERBERT was born 22 February 1663, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)
  • 1664 Death of Child
    Jacques GERBERT died 30 October 1664, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)
  • 1665 Birth of Child
    Jacques GERBERT was born 31 October 1665, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)
  • 1670 Birth of Child
    Élisabeth GERBERT was born 10 April 1670, Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada


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Added: 1/3/2013 3:00:22 PM - Updated: 11/27/2018 11:46:53 AM

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