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Richard Milhous NIXON
Biography



Richard Milhous Nixon, the 37th President of the United States, was born on January 9, 1913, in Yorba Linda, California. He grew up in a modest Quaker family and, despite facing financial challenges, excelled academically. Nixon attended Whittier College and later Duke University School of Law.

Here's a brief overview of key aspects of Richard Nixon's life and political career:

Early Political Career:
World War II Service: Nixon served in the Navy during World War II. After the war, he entered politics, winning a seat in the House of Representatives in 1946.

Senate Career: Nixon was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1950. During his time in the Senate, he gained national prominence for his role in the investigation of Alger Hiss, a former State Department official accused of being a Soviet spy.

Vice Presidency:
Eisenhower's Vice President: In 1952, Dwight D. Eisenhower chose Nixon as his running mate for the presidential election. They won, and Nixon served as Vice President from 1953 to 1961.

"Checkers" Speech: During the 1952 campaign, Nixon delivered the famous "Checkers" speech, addressing allegations of improper use of campaign funds. He mentioned a gift, a dog named Checkers, which endeared him to the public.

1960 Presidential Election:
Presidential Run: Nixon ran for President in 1960 but lost to John F. Kennedy in a closely contested election. The first-ever televised presidential debates played a significant role in shaping public opinion.
Post-1960 Period:
Gubernatorial Race: After losing the 1960 election, Nixon returned to California and ran unsuccessfully for Governor in 1962, famously declaring that the press wouldn't "have Nixon to kick around anymore."

"Comeback Kid": Despite this setback, Nixon remained active in politics, reemerging as a prominent figure in the Republican Party.

1968 Presidential Election:
Return to Politics: Nixon ran for President again in 1968 and won against Hubert Humphrey. His campaign focused on law and order, the Vietnam War, and appealing to the "silent majority."
Presidential Achievements and Challenges:
Foreign Policy: Nixon pursued a policy of détente with the Soviet Union and improved relations with China, culminating in his historic visit to Beijing in 1972.

Vietnam War: Nixon inherited the Vietnam War and implemented a policy of "Vietnamization" to gradually withdraw U.S. troops. The war officially ended in 1973 with the Paris Peace Accords.

Domestic Policies: Nixon implemented several domestic policies, including the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

Watergate Scandal and Resignation:
Watergate Break-in: The Watergate scandal, a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters, occurred in 1972 during Nixon's re-election campaign.

Cover-Up and Investigation: As investigations unfolded, it became clear that there was a cover-up orchestrated by people within the Nixon administration. The investigation revealed the existence of secret White House tapes.

Resignation: Facing likely impeachment, Nixon became the only U.S. president to resign from office on August 8, 1974. He was succeeded by Vice President Gerald Ford.

Later Years:
Pardon and Memoirs: Nixon was pardoned by President Ford for any crimes he might have committed while in office. He wrote several books, including his memoirs.

Legacy: Nixon's legacy is complex. While he made significant contributions in foreign policy, his presidency is overshadowed by the Watergate scandal and subsequent resignation.

Richard Nixon passed away on April 22, 1994, in New York City. His life and career remain subjects of historical analysis and debate.



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