Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) - 1895 - Quebec
Quebec, a city and port, and, after Montreal, the most populous city in the Dominion of Canada, capital of the province of Quebec, is situated on the left bank of the river St. Lawrence (which here receives the St. Charles), 400 miles from its mouth, 180 miles N.E. of Montreal, and 328 miles N.N.W. of Portland, Me. Lat. 46° 49' 6" N.; lon. 71° 13'45" W. Mean temperature in winter 10°, in summer 68° Fahrenheit; mean of the year, 39°. The city has a remarkably picturesque situation between the two rivers, at the N.E. extremity of an elevated table-land which forms the left bank of the St. Lawrence. Cape Diamond, the extremity of the table-land, is 333 feet above the level of the river, to which it presents a nearly precipitous face. Quebec is divided into two parts, called Upper and Lower Towns. The upper town occupies the highest part of the promontory, and is surrounded with walls and otherwise fortified, having an ancient citadel, which crowns the summit of Cape Diamond and covers with its numerous works an area of 40 acres. From its position it is probably the strongest fortress in America. The chief ascents to the upper town are by a steep and narrow winding street and by a flight of steps. The lower town, which is the seat of commerce, is built around the base of Cape Diamond, where, in many places, the rock has been cut away to make room for the houses. On the side of the St. Charles the water at flood-tide formerly washed the very foot of the rock, but from time to time wharf after wharf has been projected towards low water mark, and foundations made sufficiently solid on which to build whole streets where vessels of considerable burden once rode at anchor. The banks of both rivers are now lined with warehouses and wharves. The streets are generally irregular and narrow. The houses are principally of stone and brick, 2 or 3 stories high, the older ones with steep and quaint-looking roofs...
Pop, in 1832, 27,562; in 1852, 42,052; in 1871, 59,699,—52,337 of whom were Roman Catholics; in 1881, 62,446; in 1891, 63,090.
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
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