What is a 'dit/dite' name?
When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated.
The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.
Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (www.afgs.org/ditnames/index1.html)
Did you know...On February 5, 1663, a great earthquake was felt throughout Northeastern North America. No deaths were recorded, but some people got the scare of their lives. For the clergy in New France, the cause was obvious. The earthquake was a sign of devine anger. For a time, this put a stop to the liquor trade between the settlers and the Native people.
Source: History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.
When the next American invaders arrive in 1812, they are fought to a stand-still at the battles of Queenston Heights, Chateauguay and Lundy's Lane, setting boundaries that remain today.
Canada: A People's History (www.cbc.ca/ history/) -
1812 - Napoleon leads French invasion of Russia, resulting in catastrophic defeat for French. War of 1812 begins with U.S. declaration of war on the United Kingdom.
1814 - Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to St. Elba according to the terms of the Treaty of Fontainebleau. Representatives from Austria, Russia, Prussia, Britain, and France meet at the Congress of Vienna to discuss future of Europe.
1815 - The War of 1812 ends with the Treaty of Ghent. Napoleon escapes Elba in an attempt to reestablish his power. Coalition forces defeat him at the battle of Waterloo.
1818 - The bicycle is invented (Baron Karl de Drais de Sauerbrun, Germany)
1822 Marriage / Union Pierre Peloquin dit Felix Credy and Elizabeth Hus Cournoyer 26 November 1822, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel) (see below)
1824 - Portland cement is invented (Joseph Aspdin, England)
1826 - The gas stove is invented (James Sharp, UK)
1827 - Matches are invented (John Walker, England)
1829 - The locomotive is invented (George Stephenson, England)
1838 - Levels of illiteracy among the French-speaking people were about 73% in 1838 but reached 88% in the countryside. This reflected not only inconsistencies in the provision of schooling in Lower Canada and a lack of interest by government but also habitant resistance to education. richardjohnbr.blogspot.com/ 2010/ 10/ seigneurial-system-and-settlement.html -
1839 - Melancholy Accident A Melancholy Accident occurred at Sorel, Canada on the 24th ult., by which a mother was deprived of life by the agency of her child of about three years of age. It appears that the child had been allo...Read MORE...
1841 - February 11 – Act of Union - The two colonies of The Canadas are merged into the United Province of Canada.
1842 - The refrigerator is invented (John Gorrie, United States)
1843 - The Christmas card is invented (John Callcott Horsley, England)
1845 - The rubber band is invented (Stephen Perry, United States)
1848 - Great Fire at Sorel, In Canada There were seventy-five houses destroyed by fire at Sorel, Canada, on Saturday, the 24th inst., including the stores of Messrs. Fowler and the Union Hotel, &c. Milwaukee Sentinel - Milwaukee, Wisconsin - July 7, 1848
1849 Marriage / Union Pierre Peloquin dit Felix Credy and Adelaide (Delia) Janton (Genton) dite Dauphiné (Dauphinais) 30 October 1849, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel) (see below)
1849 - The safety pin is invented (Walter Hunt, United States)
Despite diversification of the rural economy, more than 80% of French Canadians were employed in farming in 1850.
1853 - Potato chips are invented (George Crum, United States)
1854 - The French seigneurial system of land tenancy is finally abolished in Canada East
1857 - Ottawa chosen by Queen Victoria as the capital of the united colony of Canada
1857 - Toilet paper is invented (Joseph Gayetty, United States)
1861 - Canadian "Matres-Familias." A venerable French-Canadian lady, Mrs. Genevieve Lemoine, died lately at Sorel, Lower Canada, at the good old ages of 92 years. She left, to mourn her loss, a rather numerous family; for she was the m...Read MORE...
1864 - Pasteurization is invented (Louis Pasteur, France)
1864 - Quebec Conference of 1864 held to discuss Canadian Confederation which will lead to the creation of the Dominion of Canada.
1867 - Canada becomes a sovereign nation by an act of the British Parliament (the British North America Act). Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick are united as the Dominion of Canada. Sir John A. Macdonald becomes the first prime minister
1868 - The typewriter is invented (Christopher Latham Sholes, United States)
1870 - France declares war on Prussia and Emperor Napoleon III is overthrown
Death 23 June 1871 Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
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