What is a 'dit/dite' name?
When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated.
The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.
Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (www.afgs.org/ditnames/index1.html)
Did you know...Between 1714 and 1754, approximately 4,500 immigrants settled in New France. They included indentured workers and soldiers stationed in the colony, but most of them, it appears, were unsavory characters, including hundreds of salt smugglers who sold salt illegally in France. France wanted to get rid of these smugglers, and the colony accepted them without complaint because once they were in New France, most of them mended their ways and were on their best behavior.
Source: History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.
When the next American invaders arrive in 1812, they are fought to a stand-still at the battles of Queenston Heights, Chateauguay and Lundy's Lane, setting boundaries that remain today.
Canada: A People's History (www.cbc.ca/ history/ ) -
1812 - Napoleon leads French invasion of Russia, resulting in catastrophic defeat for French. War of 1812 begins with U.S. declaration of war on the United Kingdom.
1814 - Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to St. Elba according to the terms of the Treaty of Fontainebleau. Representatives from Austria, Russia, Prussia, Britain, and France meet at the Congress of Vienna to discuss future of Europe.
1815 - The War of 1812 ends with the Treaty of Ghent. Napoleon escapes Elba in an attempt to reestablish his power. Coalition forces defeat him at the battle of Waterloo.
1818 - Canada's border is defined as the 49th Parallel from Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains.
1838 - Levels of illiteracy among the French-speaking people were about 73% in 1838 but reached 88% in the countryside. This reflected not only inconsistencies in the provision of schooling in Lower Canada and a lack of interest by government but also habitant resistance to education. richardjohnbr.blogspot.com/ 2010/ 10/ seigneurial-system-and-settlement.html -
1838 Birth of Child Basilice Peloquin dite Felix Credy was born 30 September 1838, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
1839 - January 2 – First photograph of the Moon taken by photographer Louis Daguerre.
1839 - Melancholy Accident A Melancholy Accident occurred at Sorel, Canada on the 24th ult., by which a mother was deprived of life by the agency of her child of about three years of age. It appears that the child had been allo...Read MORE...
1841 - The sewing machine is invented (Barthélemy Thimonnier, France)
1841 - February 11 – Act of Union - The two colonies of The Canadas are merged into the United Province of Canada.
1843 - The Christmas card is invented (John Callcott Horsley, England)
1844 Death of Spouse/Partner Elizabeth Hus Cournoyer died 2 March 1844, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
1845 - The rubber band is invented (Stephen Perry, United States)
1845 - September 9 – Potato blight breaks out in Ireland: beginning of the Great Famine.
Flight From Famine Discovery Channel (www.youtube.com) www.wikipedia.org - September 9, 1845
1848 - Great Fire at Sorel, In Canada There were seventy-five houses destroyed by fire at Sorel, Canada, on Saturday, the 24th inst., including the stores of Messrs. Fowler and the Union Hotel, &c. Milwaukee Sentinel - Milwaukee, Wisconsin - July 7, 1848
1849 Marriage / Partner Pierre Peloquin dit Felix Credy and Adelaide (Delia) Janton (Genton) dite Dauphiné (Dauphinais) 30 October 1849, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
1849 - The boundary of the 49th Parallel is extended to the Pacific Ocean. An Act of Amnesty provides for W.L. Mackenzie's return from exile in the U.S.
1858 Birth of Child Marie-Caroline Peloquin was born 29 June 1858, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
1859 Birth of Child Marie Peloquin was born 7 November 1859, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
1861 - Canadian "Matres-Familias." A venerable French-Canadian lady, Mrs. Genevieve Lemoine, died lately at Sorel, Lower Canada, at the good old ages of 92 years. She left, to mourn her loss, a rather numerous family; for she was the m...Read MORE...
1861 Birth of Child Catherine Peloquin was born 12 May 1861, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
1864 - Quebec Conference of 1864 held to discuss Canadian Confederation which will lead to the creation of the Dominion of Canada.
1864 - Pasteurization is invented (Louis Pasteur, France)
1865 Birth of Child Marie-Adele Peloquin was born 5 January 1865, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
1865 - No Draft The Canadians do not appear to like drafting for military service on the border. The Quebec News of December 31st states that the draft which was to have taken place throughout the Province on the day...Read MORE...
1867 - Canada becomes a sovereign nation by an act of the British Parliament (the British North America Act). Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick are united as the Dominion of Canada. Sir John A. Macdonald becomes the first prime minister
1868 - The typewriter is invented (Christopher Latham Sholes, United States)
1870 - France declares war on Prussia and Emperor Napoleon III is overthrown
1870 - A cable dispatch on the 28th says the Pope has issued a special elimination against the Fenians, both in America and Ireland.
St Joseph Herald - Saint Joseph, Michigan - February 5, 1870
Death 23 June 1871 Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
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