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Did You Know? The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Jean Bourbon was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.

Source: Canada in the Making (

Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Around 1825, La Cuisinière Bourgeoise, was written as a guide for those employed in the service of middle class households. This volume was one of the first in Canada to address the subject in a comprehensive manner. It includes information on basic foods such as meats, eggs and vegetables and provides extensive details on their preparation.


Jean Bourbon - Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrenc
Jean Bourbon

Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrence River. But it was not an easy life...

Habitants had to clear the land, build a homestead, and plant and harvest a crop. The first task was never-ending, while the last one was annual. Building and repairing the house and barn were continual tasks. So were cutting and hauling firewood. The habitants had to be largely self-reliant in looking after all routine tasks such as cooking, baking, making furniture, and repairing tools. They had to attend to the educational and medical needs of the family. They had to endure the harsh physical climate and rough terrain, largely unaided by government support. The habitants had to pay taxes to the seigneurs and the church.

Canada: The Story of Our Heritage
by Elspeth Deir, John Fielding, Nick Brune, Peter Grant, Stephanie Smith Abram
McGraw-Hill Ryerson School, 2000
Habitants by Cornelius Krieghoff (1852) wikipedia

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immigrant France  Jean  Bourbon

  (b. 1653, France   d. abt. 5 December 1690La Prairie, Québec, Canada )  
Cause of Death: killed by Iroquois

Jean Bourbon was born 1653 in , France. Jean Bourbon was the child of

Jean was an immigrant to Canada, arriving by 1680.

He married  Marie-Anne Benoit dite Livernois 27 February 1680 in Boucherville, Québec, Canada .  The couple had (at least) 4 children. Marie-Anne Benoit dite Livernois  was born 9 May 1665 in Montréal, Québec, Canada .  She died 9 August 1697 in La Prairie, Québec, Canada .  She was the daughter of Paul Benoit dit Livernois and Isabelle-Elisabeth Gobinet.

Jean Bourbon died abt. 5 December 1690 in La Prairie, Québec, Canada .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Occupation: habitant de Laprairie

Son of Jean Bourdon and Thoinette Poivre

Jean was killed along with several other settlers of Laprairie by Iroquois. The burned remains of their settlement was discovered two days later by missionaries, who buried the bodies.

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Jean Bourbon married Canada/New France Marie-Anne Benoit dite Livernois-- Date: 27 February 1680 Place: Boucherville, Québec, Canada Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Marie-Anne Benoit dite Livernois was the daughter of Paul Benoit dit Livernois and Isabelle-Elisabeth Gobinet

Marriage record found in index for Sainte-Famille-de-Boucherville in Drouin Collection. Unable to find the actual record.

groom's name: Jean Bourdon
groom's birth date: 1653
groom's birthplace:
groom's age: 27
bride's name: Marie Anne Benoist
bride's birth date: 1665
bride's birthplace:
bride's age: 15
marriage date: 27 Feb 1680
marriage place: Boucherville, Chambly, Quebec
groom's father's name: Jean Bourdon
groom's mother's name: Thoinette Poivre
bride's father's name: Paul Benoist
bride's mother's name: Elisabeth Gobinet
groom's race: White
groom's marital status: Single
groom's previous wife's name:
bride's race: White
bride's marital status: Single
bride's previous husband's name:
indexing project (batch) number: M01663-9
system origin: Canada-EASy
source film number: 1031703
reference number: P-19 M-2

"Canada, Marriages, 1661-1949," index, FamilySearch ( pal:/ MM9.1.1/ F2K2-W2M : accessed 05 Jan 2013), Jean Bourdon and Marie Anne Benoist, 27 Feb 1680; citing reference P-19 M-2, FHL microfilm 1031703.
Updated: 1/5/2013 2:47:55 PM

Canada/New France Barbe Bourbon (b.1681, La Prairie, Québec, Canada   d. 26 January 1754, La Prairie, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Marguerite Bourbon (b.18 January 1685, La Prairie, Québec, Canada   d. 04 January 1723, Longueuil, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Marie-Anne Bourbon (b.19 April 1686 , La Prairie, Québec, Canada   d. 27 November 1687, La Prairie, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Marie-Anne Bourbon (b.6 January 1689, La Prairie, Québec, Canada   d. , )

Lifetime Events

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France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

France On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his own... His regime was considered an absolute monarchy, and Louis XIV was the sole master. No...Read MORE...

1680 Marriage / Partner
Jean Bourbon and Marie-Anne Benoit dite Livernois 27 February 1680, Boucherville, Québec, Canada

1681 Canadian Census Prairie de la Magdelaine
Jean Bourbon, 28
Marie Benoist, sa femme, 16

Source: Histoire des Canadiens-Francais 1608-1880 by Benjamin Sulte, Montreal, 1882
Added: 3/1/2010 9:35:35 PM - Beckie  Updated: 3/1/2010 9:35:35 PM -

1685 Birth of Child
Marguerite Bourbon was born 18 January 1685, La Prairie, Québec, Canada

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1687 Birth of Child
Marie-Anne Bourbon was born 19 April 1686 , La Prairie, Québec, Canada

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

1689 Birth of Child
Marie-Anne Bourbon was born 6 January 1689, La Prairie, Québec, Canada


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